Data Dashboard

On this page:

The data dashboard is a collection of useful Australian jobs figures. All data on this page are sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and are based on Australia-wide figures. For more detailed or regional analysis please refer to the Labour Market Information Portal.

Data tables and COVID-19

The data presented in the tables below display the change since March 2020, the month in which Australia recorded its 100th case of COVID-19 and when non-essential services were shut down and trading restrictions were implemented.

Employment

  • A person is considered employed if they are aged 15 years and over and work for an hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind during the ABS Labour Force Survey reference week.
  • This includes those who had a job but were away from work in the reference period.
  • An employed person is considered to be working full-time if they usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) or, if they usually work less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 or more during the reference week.
  • An employed person is considered to be working part-time if they usually worked less than 35 hours a week and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
Annual employment growth, full-time and part-time, Australia
Date Full-time Part-time
Mar-01 55.3 71.6
Apr-01 23.3 117.6
May-01 27.9 110.0
Jun-01 -68.9 163.6
Jul-01 -131.9 164.4
Aug-01 -93.2 151.2
Sep-01 -119.7 161.8
Oct-01 -61.8 147.3
Nov-01 -43.7 217.4
Dec-01 -29.4 149.9
Jan-02 -3.9 135.5
Feb-02 -14.0 186.7
Mar-02 -10.4 178.7
Apr-02 -13.4 118.1
May-02 36.7 90.4
Jun-02 24.5 131.8
Jul-02 80.4 62.3
Aug-02 103.5 73.8
Sep-02 84.1 114.9
Oct-02 66.6 122.0
Nov-02 95.2 112.3
Dec-02 127.1 135.6
Jan-03 148.6 146.0
Feb-03 168.1 111.1
Mar-03 99.2 128.3
Apr-03 112.3 126.0
May-03 89.6 150.8
Jun-03 93.4 97.6
Jul-03 91.4 84.7
Aug-03 91.9 84.1
Sep-03 127.0 55.7
Oct-03 156.9 40.4
Nov-03 138.8 5.6
Dec-03 110.1 22.4
Jan-04 116.5 -35.6
Feb-04 68.6 -9.2
Mar-04 153.6 -14.4
Apr-04 157.5 -6.6
May-04 135.0 14.2
Jun-04 193.9 -16.5
Jul-04 174.4 20.3
Aug-04 140.9 -6.0
Sep-04 142.1 40.9
Oct-04 160.3 53.2
Nov-04 164.4 89.0
Dec-04 161.2 71.2
Jan-05 162.8 119.7
Feb-05 234.4 75.2
Mar-05 196.0 121.4
Apr-05 247.9 98.5
May-05 218.9 95.5
Jun-05 255.4 100.5
Jul-05 240.0 122.3
Aug-05 249.5 159.6
Sep-05 222.3 114.5
Oct-05 153.2 134.0
Nov-05 179.2 81.9
Dec-05 162.4 102.5
Jan-06 166.6 45.3
Feb-06 124.2 93.7
Mar-06 124.5 93.4
Apr-06 96.9 89.4
May-06 149.8 80.4
Jun-06 121.4 102.2
Jul-06 167.2 93.5
Aug-06 173.0 61.9
Sep-06 224.9 70.2
Oct-06 207.0 55.7
Nov-06 194.2 91.1
Dec-06 242.6 82.2
Jan-07 223.2 97.6
Feb-07 244.2 70.9
Mar-07 279.6 23.1
Apr-07 258.0 66.6
May-07 292.7 39.8
Jun-07 255.8 59.1
Jul-07 238.7 47.1
Aug-07 243.2 62.0
Sep-07 190.5 100.0
Oct-07 290.6 17.7
Nov-07 264.6 67.4
Dec-07 240.3 59.4
Jan-08 219.4 117.1
Feb-08 252.6 88.4
Mar-08 204.9 127.9
Apr-08 219.2 123.0
May-08 157.9 120.6
Jun-08 208.7 100.4
Jul-08 263.2 41.3
Aug-08 250.0 59.0
Sep-08 223.4 40.8
Oct-08 140.9 142.4
Nov-08 139.0 80.6
Dec-08 82.5 124.1
Jan-09 145.7 32.7
Feb-09 28.7 126.9
Mar-09 -4.5 105.3
Apr-09 29.7 56.2
May-09 -16.8 109.2
Jun-09 -75.9 97.8
Jul-09 -150.7 198.7
Aug-09 -191.1 187.1
Sep-09 -142.6 175.0
Oct-09 -120.4 153.6
Nov-09 -97.3 167.0
Dec-09 -48.8 146.8
Jan-10 -83.5 228.6
Feb-10 -40.8 156.6
Mar-10 16.2 138.8
Apr-10 11.6 131.5
May-10 77.8 88.1
Jun-10 115.4 122.4
Jul-10 116.2 103.6
Aug-10 205.8 65.1
Sep-10 236.1 41.5
Oct-10 210.5 73.6
Nov-10 249.7 62.5
Dec-10 238.4 43.5
Jan-11 224.1 39.2
Feb-11 273.5 -17.8
Mar-11 295.4 -5.7
Apr-11 206.1 39.3
May-11 141.7 91.9
Jun-11 194.7 18.3
Jul-11 171.1 19.6
Aug-11 109.1 47.6
Sep-11 81.5 77.6
Oct-11 123.2 21.6
Nov-11 24.8 64.8
Dec-11 60.8 1.5
Jan-12 98.6 7.0
Feb-12 53.3 42.7
Mar-12 35.3 82.9
Apr-12 61.7 78.0
May-12 151.1 40.6
Jun-12 52.0 81.3
Jul-12 82.3 56.8
Aug-12 93.5 46.6
Sep-12 127.9 16.5
Oct-12 121.5 20.4
Nov-12 133.2 -0.7
Dec-12 87.8 77.0
Jan-13 101.2 57.6
Feb-13 61.4 135.9
Mar-13 26.3 75.4
Apr-13 78.3 67.4
May-13 17.7 76.4
Jun-13 34.5 97.4
Jul-13 24.9 83.9
Aug-13 19.6 77.3
Sep-13 -19.8 104.5
Oct-13 -73.9 153.3
Nov-13 -61.8 125.4
Dec-13 -96.3 118.7
Jan-14 -125.4 116.0
Feb-14 -52.1 65.0
Mar-14 -4.3 101.3
Apr-14 -15.7 86.4
May-14 18.6 37.5
Jun-14 7.4 51.5
Jul-14 38.0 49.7
Aug-14 14.5 76.8
Sep-14 3.7 66.3
Oct-14 47.6 24.2
Nov-14 28.8 66.6
Dec-14 120.0 59.5
Jan-15 90.3 62.6
Feb-15 109.8 81.5
Mar-15 112.5 49.3
Apr-15 78.8 75.7
May-15 86.6 134.3
Jun-15 107.4 90.9
Jul-15 101.3 113.9
Aug-15 102.2 124.8
Sep-15 131.4 105.4
Oct-15 160.7 157.7
Nov-15 207.7 144.0
Dec-15 190.7 117.9
Jan-16 157.9 144.4
Feb-16 144.3 109.7
Mar-16 88.4 160.5
Apr-16 89.9 165.3
May-16 63.3 146.0
Jun-16 101.7 133.6
Jul-16 44.1 191.7
Aug-16 53.3 146.5
Sep-16 -32.4 202.2
Oct-16 -14.5 140.0
Nov-16 3.4 112.5
Dec-16 -6.6 137.2
Jan-17 -28.1 172.9
Feb-17 -3.2 134.5
Mar-17 89.8 87.0
Apr-17 100.9 119.8
May-17 164.7 86.0
Jun-17 189.9 72.2
Jul-17 214.3 48.7
Aug-17 263.3 77.5
Sep-17 327.0 62.8
Oct-17 304.4 65.4
Nov-17 316.0 80.5
Dec-17 311.2 104.1
Jan-18 352.3 77.8
Feb-18 329.9 92.9
Mar-18 228.1 145.5
Apr-18 268.0 69.0
May-18 185.9 125.4
Jun-18 163.9 185.8
Jul-18 202.8 109.2
Aug-18 200.7 103.0
Sep-18 218.4 65.7
Oct-18 236.4 73.6
Nov-18 182.4 104.7
Dec-18 163.4 107.5
Jan-19 232.2 33.4
Feb-19 202.4 71.1
Mar-19 278.8 12.6
Apr-19 234.2 71.4
May-19 255.6 90.3
Jun-19 234.7 44.7
Jul-19 242.4 68.0
Aug-19 188.1 121.8
Sep-19 192.7 116.7
Oct-19 138.0 110.4
Nov-19 146.2 105.7
Dec-19 154.7 101.7
Jan-20 143.5 95.8
Feb-20 148.0 105.9
Mar-20 90.8 128.2
Apr-20 -140.3 -275.0
May-20 -243.4 -478.3
Jun-20 -288.0 -209.5
Jul-20 -287.7 -124.1
Aug-20 -241.0 -56.8
Sep-20 -310.6 -46.2
Oct-20 -204.0 46.0
Nov-20 -124.8 20.4
Dec-20 -93.0 2.6
Jan-21 -80.3 8.4
Feb-21 5.5 -7.3
Mar-21 -2.5 76.8

Change in employment since March 2020, Australia

  Mar-21 Change since Mar-20
('000) ('000) (%)
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, March 2021 (seasonally adjusted).
Full-time 8,874.2 -2.5 0.0
Part-time 4,203.4 76.8 1.9
Total 13,077.6 74.3 0.6

Unemployment

  • A person is considered unemployed if they are not employed, have actively looked for work at some time in the last four weeks, and are currently available for work.
  • The unemployment rate refers to the number of unemployed people expressed as a proportion of the total labour force (employed and unemployed).
Unemployment rate (%), Australia
Date Unemployment rate (%)
Mar-01 6.5
Apr-01 6.8
May-01 6.9
Jun-01 6.9
Jul-01 6.9
Aug-01 6.9
Sep-01 6.8
Oct-01 7.2
Nov-01 6.9
Dec-01 6.9
Jan-02 6.9
Feb-02 6.5
Mar-02 6.4
Apr-02 6.3
May-02 6.4
Jun-02 6.5
Jul-02 6.2
Aug-02 6.3
Sep-02 6.3
Oct-02 6.1
Nov-02 6.2
Dec-02 6.2
Jan-03 6.1
Feb-03 6.0
Mar-03 6.1
Apr-03 6.0
May-03 6.1
Jun-03 6.1
Jul-03 6.1
Aug-03 5.8
Sep-03 5.8
Oct-03 5.8
Nov-03 5.7
Dec-03 5.7
Jan-04 5.5
Feb-04 5.6
Mar-04 5.4
Apr-04 5.5
May-04 5.3
Jun-04 5.5
Jul-04 5.6
Aug-04 5.5
Sep-04 5.4
Oct-04 5.1
Nov-04 5.2
Dec-04 5.1
Jan-05 5.1
Feb-05 5.1
Mar-05 5.2
Apr-05 5.1
May-05 5.1
Jun-05 5.0
Jul-05 5.0
Aug-05 4.9
Sep-05 5.0
Oct-05 5.0
Nov-05 4.9
Dec-05 5.1
Jan-06 5.2
Feb-06 5.1
Mar-06 4.9
Apr-06 5.0
May-06 4.8
Jun-06 4.8
Jul-06 4.7
Aug-06 4.7
Sep-06 4.7
Oct-06 4.5
Nov-06 4.5
Dec-06 4.6
Jan-07 4.6
Feb-07 4.6
Mar-07 4.5
Apr-07 4.4
May-07 4.3
Jun-07 4.3
Jul-07 4.3
Aug-07 4.3
Sep-07 4.2
Oct-07 4.3
Nov-07 4.4
Dec-07 4.3
Jan-08 4.2
Feb-08 4.0
Mar-08 4.1
Apr-08 4.3
May-08 4.3
Jun-08 4.2
Jul-08 4.2
Aug-08 4.0
Sep-08 4.3
Oct-08 4.3
Nov-08 4.5
Dec-08 4.6
Jan-09 4.9
Feb-09 5.3
Mar-09 5.7
Apr-09 5.5
May-09 5.8
Jun-09 5.9
Jul-09 5.7
Aug-09 5.7
Sep-09 5.7
Oct-09 5.6
Nov-09 5.6
Dec-09 5.5
Jan-10 5.3
Feb-10 5.3
Mar-10 5.4
Apr-10 5.5
May-10 5.2
Jun-10 5.1
Jul-10 5.3
Aug-10 5.0
Sep-10 5.1
Oct-10 5.3
Nov-10 5.1
Dec-10 4.9
Jan-11 5.0
Feb-11 5.0
Mar-11 4.9
Apr-11 5.0
May-11 5.0
Jun-11 4.9
Jul-11 5.1
Aug-11 5.3
Sep-11 5.2
Oct-11 5.2
Nov-11 5.2
Dec-11 5.2
Jan-12 5.0
Feb-12 5.2
Mar-12 5.2
Apr-12 5.0
May-12 5.2
Jun-12 5.2
Jul-12 5.2
Aug-12 5.1
Sep-12 5.5
Oct-12 5.4
Nov-12 5.3
Dec-12 5.4
Jan-13 5.4
Feb-13 5.4
Mar-13 5.6
Apr-13 5.6
May-13 5.6
Jun-13 5.7
Jul-13 5.6
Aug-13 5.8
Sep-13 5.7
Oct-13 5.8
Nov-13 5.8
Dec-13 5.9
Jan-14 5.9
Feb-14 5.9
Mar-14 5.9
Apr-14 5.8
May-14 5.9
Jun-14 6.0
Jul-14 6.2
Aug-14 6.1
Sep-14 6.2
Oct-14 6.4
Nov-14 6.3
Dec-14 6.1
Jan-15 6.3
Feb-15 6.1
Mar-15 6.1
Apr-15 6.1
May-15 5.9
Jun-15 6.0
Jul-15 6.3
Aug-15 6.1
Sep-15 6.2
Oct-15 5.9
Nov-15 5.9
Dec-15 5.7
Jan-16 6.0
Feb-16 5.7
Mar-16 5.6
Apr-16 5.6
May-16 5.7
Jun-16 5.7
Jul-16 5.7
Aug-16 5.6
Sep-16 5.6
Oct-16 5.6
Nov-16 5.8
Dec-16 5.8
Jan-17 5.7
Feb-17 5.8
Mar-17 5.8
Apr-17 5.6
May-17 5.6
Jun-17 5.6
Jul-17 5.6
Aug-17 5.5
Sep-17 5.4
Oct-17 5.4
Nov-17 5.4
Dec-17 5.6
Jan-18 5.5
Feb-18 5.6
Mar-18 5.5
Apr-18 5.5
May-18 5.4
Jun-18 5.3
Jul-18 5.3
Aug-18 5.3
Sep-18 5.0
Oct-18 5.0
Nov-18 5.1
Dec-18 5.0
Jan-19 5.0
Feb-19 5.0
Mar-19 5.1
Apr-19 5.2
May-19 5.2
Jun-19 5.2
Jul-19 5.2
Aug-19 5.2
Sep-19 5.2
Oct-19 5.3
Nov-19 5.1
Dec-19 5.1
Jan-20 5.3
Feb-20 5.1
Mar-20 5.2
Apr-20 6.4
May-20 7.1
Jun-20 7.4
Jul-20 7.5
Aug-20 6.8
Sep-20 6.9
Oct-20 7.0
Nov-20 6.8
Dec-20 6.6
Jan-21 6.3
Feb-21 5.8
Mar-21 5.6

Unemployment and unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted

  Mar-21 Change since Mar-20
('000) (%)
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, March 2021 (seasonally adjusted).
Please note that as the calculations of change presented in the table are taken from more detailed data, results obtained by manually calculating change may not exactly match those in the table, due to rounding error.
Unemployed ('000) 778.1 62.1 8.7
Unemployment rate (%) 5.6 - 0.4 pts

Long-term Unemployment

  • Long-term unemployed: People who have been unemployed for 52 weeks and over
  • Very long-term unemployed: People who have been unemployed for 104 weeks and over
Long-term unemployment and very long-term unemployment ('000), Australia
Date Very long-term unemployed ('000) Long-term unemployed ('000)
Mar-2001 77.2 137.9
Apr-2001 86.2 145.1
May-2001 85.6 146.5
Jun-2001 88.9 148.5
Jul-2001 85.1 143.8
Aug-2001 92.5 138.8
Sep-2001 89.5 143.9
Oct-2001 88.5 148.2
Nov-2001 84.4 143.0
Dec-2001 89.2 147.7
Jan-2002 96.5 152.0
Feb-2002 89.6 148.9
Mar-2002 90.8 155.8
Apr-2002 85.7 145.3
May-2002 82.7 137.8
Jun-2002 78.2 134.7
Jul-2002 78.1 139.6
Aug-2002 75.4 130.6
Sep-2002 75.1 130.9
Oct-2002 73.7 122.8
Nov-2002 82.3 135.9
Dec-2002 85.4 142.2
Jan-2003 79.5 128.4
Feb-2003 77.8 130.9
Mar-2003 78.3 129.9
Apr-2003 76.0 126.1
May-2003 86.5 141.0
Jun-2003 73.9 131.8
Jul-2003 73.4 125.4
Aug-2003 74.5 127.4
Sep-2003 68.3 122.5
Oct-2003 71.5 120.0
Nov-2003 72.9 121.7
Dec-2003 64.7 116.5
Jan-2004 61.5 114.6
Feb-2004 67.3 114.0
Mar-2004 63.4 116.4
Apr-2004 62.9 113.6
May-2004 60.6 110.1
Jun-2004 68.8 114.1
Jul-2004 69.0 117.6
Aug-2004 66.2 113.0
Sep-2004 70.4 118.5
Oct-2004 67.5 110.7
Nov-2004 61.4 100.1
Dec-2004 55.7 96.7
Jan-2005 61.5 103.0
Feb-2005 53.9 101.6
Mar-2005 52.9 91.2
Apr-2005 55.9 93.8
May-2005 59.1 96.8
Jun-2005 54.7 94.9
Jul-2005 56.1 89.9
Aug-2005 54.7 90.2
Sep-2005 52.1 92.2
Oct-2005 53.1 98.6
Nov-2005 55.6 92.8
Dec-2005 52.6 92.9
Jan-2006 54.5 103.3
Feb-2006 48.9 90.4
Mar-2006 53.0 95.1
Apr-2006 54.4 98.5
May-2006 54.0 96.1
Jun-2006 52.3 91.9
Jul-2006 57.8 99.1
Aug-2006 51.8 90.3
Sep-2006 45.9 84.7
Oct-2006 47.1 79.5
Nov-2006 47.9 83.9
Dec-2006 45.5 87.4
Jan-2007 38.6 83.1
Feb-2007 40.3 81.1
Mar-2007 43.2 77.0
Apr-2007 45.0 78.4
May-2007 35.5 70.6
Jun-2007 35.4 65.2
Jul-2007 36.8 76.9
Aug-2007 33.8 66.7
Sep-2007 38.3 69.8
Oct-2007 32.9 68.3
Nov-2007 34.7 68.8
Dec-2007 34.9 69.3
Jan-2008 35.5 69.3
Feb-2008 36.8 71.4
Mar-2008 37.2 70.6
Apr-2008 36.2 74.5
May-2008 38.1 70.8
Jun-2008 33.9 66.2
Jul-2008 32.1 65.7
Aug-2008 32.6 65.7
Sep-2008 39.6 77.8
Oct-2008 35.5 73.8
Nov-2008 36.2 70.8
Dec-2008 32.0 69.5
Jan-2009 37.9 72.9
Feb-2009 41.6 81.9
Mar-2009 38.7 83.9
Apr-2009 31.1 76.8
May-2009 37.1 85.6
Jun-2009 48.3 107.1
Jul-2009 44.1 99.6
Aug-2009 44.0 97.5
Sep-2009 41.1 98.5
Oct-2009 44.9 101.0
Nov-2009 46.5 107.8
Dec-2009 47.2 114.2
Jan-2010 44.6 108.2
Feb-2010 46.2 108.8
Mar-2010 41.3 105.7
Apr-2010 43.4 111.7
May-2010 43.7 109.3
Jun-2010 50.3 111.7
Jul-2010 45.3 109.8
Aug-2010 43.3 106.8
Sep-2010 47.9 115.9
Oct-2010 55.2 128.9
Nov-2010 55.5 117.0
Dec-2010 55.9 112.0
Jan-2011 56.3 108.0
Feb-2011 52.0 110.9
Mar-2011 50.6 115.4
Apr-2011 51.5 109.9
May-2011 56.9 118.2
Jun-2011 51.0 111.5
Jul-2011 53.6 110.8
Aug-2011 66.1 126.3
Sep-2011 62.1 108.7
Oct-2011 62.9 116.7
Nov-2011 54.7 110.9
Dec-2011 53.8 110.1
Jan-2012 61.8 126.7
Feb-2012 60.5 112.0
Mar-2012 54.0 114.4
Apr-2012 59.2 117.4
May-2012 53.8 112.3
Jun-2012 51.6 111.5
Jul-2012 55.8 111.3
Aug-2012 57.4 121.1
Sep-2012 57.0 119.6
Oct-2012 63.3 120.6
Nov-2012 59.6 132.1
Dec-2012 60.2 120.4
Jan-2013 53.6 119.5
Feb-2013 53.4 114.6
Mar-2013 60.2 119.3
Apr-2013 55.7 114.6
May-2013 65.1 128.0
Jun-2013 64.7 130.5
Jul-2013 66.5 136.4
Aug-2013 67.1 135.5
Sep-2013 61.7 130.6
Oct-2013 64.7 147.8
Nov-2013 74.3 147.6
Dec-2013 71.8 154.1
Jan-2014 77.3 147.4
Feb-2014 75.4 154.4
Mar-2014 77.1 162.4
Apr-2014 75.6 155.9
May-2014 78.3 170.2
Jun-2014 79.3 168.2
Jul-2014 79.4 177.7
Aug-2014 73.8 164.9
Sep-2014 68.7 157.2
Oct-2014 75.0 169.0
Nov-2014 77.6 167.3
Dec-2014 84.4 175.4
Jan-2015 86.6 183.6
Feb-2015 86.9 187.4
Mar-2015 94.5 186.9
Apr-2015 87.6 181.8
May-2015 83.2 172.4
Jun-2015 88.8 182.8
Jul-2015 92.0 176.8
Aug-2015 93.6 176.5
Sep-2015 90.3 179.6
Oct-2015 83.7 166.0
Nov-2015 88.1 161.1
Dec-2015 78.7 158.4
Jan-2016 89.0 172.7
Feb-2016 83.9 173.1
Mar-2016 91.4 173.5
Apr-2016 92.2 167.4
May-2016 87.5 164.1
Jun-2016 92.4 166.3
Jul-2016 86.8 164.7
Aug-2016 85.1 166.1
Sep-2016 86.9 174.1
Oct-2016 88.3 179.1
Nov-2016 89.3 181.1
Dec-2016 86.2 174.3
Jan-2017 91.0 182.0
Feb-2017 93.9 176.3
Mar-2017 92.9 177.7
Apr-2017 83.1 172.9
May-2017 86.5 163.9
Jun-2017 84.0 153.9
Jul-2017 83.5 165.9
Aug-2017 90.2 167.6
Sep-2017 93.3 164.8
Oct-2017 91.7 164.5
Nov-2017 85.8 164.0
Dec-2017 99.9 176.1
Jan-2018 89.6 171.1
Feb-2018 97.5 172.8
Mar-2018 100.7 176.7
Apr-2018 104.6 185.9
May-2018 101.9 179.4
Jun-2018 98.9 172.2
Jul-2018 98.2 175.1
Aug-2018 96.6 171.1
Sep-2018 97.6 171.1
Oct-2018 97.4 166.4
Nov-2018 88.4 160.8
Dec-2018 92.8 149.2
Jan-2019 93.8 160.9
Feb-2019 94.6 160.1
Mar-2019 84.4 151.1
Apr-2019 95.1 167.0
May-2019 98.9 170.5
Jun-2019 95.9 171.2
Jul-2019 96.2 165.5
Aug-2019 93.1 167.6
Sep-2019 94.9 166.8
Oct-2019 98.1 177.1
Nov-2019 96.4 171.8
Dec-2019 93.3 175.3
Jan-2020 110.1 186.1
Feb-2020 95.0 173.4
Mar-2020 100.2 176.5
Apr-2020 64.4 130.5
May-2020 75.7 141.2
Jun-2020 78.8 151.2
Jul-2020 91.7 187.0
Aug-2020 86.0 181.0
Sep-2020 93.0 187.2
Oct-2020 86.6 199.0
Nov-2020 91.4 196.5
Dec-2020 97.6 197.6
Jan-2021 111.0 217.2
Feb-2021 106.1 206.6
Mar-2021 106.0 244.8

Participation

  • The number of people either working or looking for work (i.e. the labour force) expressed as a proportion of the civilian population (15 years and over).
    • Those not in the labour force include people studying, caring for children at home, retired, experiencing a health condition or injury, or volunteering.
Participation rate (%), Australia
Date Male Female Persons
Mar-01 71.4 54.9 63.0
Apr-01 71.9 55.4 63.5
May-01 71.9 55.4 63.5
Jun-01 71.8 55.3 63.4
Jul-01 72.1 55.1 63.4
Aug-01 72.0 55.3 63.5
Sep-01 71.9 55.0 63.3
Oct-01 72.1 55.3 63.6
Nov-01 72.0 55.3 63.5
Dec-01 71.8 55.1 63.3
Jan-02 71.8 55.3 63.4
Feb-02 72.0 55.0 63.3
Mar-02 71.8 54.9 63.2
Apr-02 71.7 54.6 63.0
May-02 71.8 54.7 63.1
Jun-02 71.9 55.0 63.3
Jul-02 71.6 54.9 63.1
Aug-02 71.8 55.5 63.5
Sep-02 71.6 55.5 63.4
Oct-02 71.4 55.5 63.3
Nov-02 71.7 55.7 63.6
Dec-02 71.9 56.0 63.8
Jan-03 71.9 56.4 64.0
Feb-03 71.9 56.3 64.0
Mar-03 71.7 56.0 63.7
Apr-03 71.4 56.0 63.5
May-03 71.4 56.2 63.6
Jun-03 71.3 55.8 63.4
Jul-03 71.2 55.7 63.3
Aug-03 71.3 55.8 63.4
Sep-03 71.3 55.8 63.4
Oct-03 71.6 55.7 63.5
Nov-03 71.3 55.6 63.3
Dec-03 71.6 55.6 63.5
Jan-04 71.6 55.3 63.3
Feb-04 71.5 55.4 63.3
Mar-04 71.4 55.5 63.3
Apr-04 71.5 55.5 63.4
May-04 71.4 55.5 63.3
Jun-04 71.6 55.5 63.4
Jul-04 71.4 55.7 63.4
Aug-04 71.1 55.7 63.3
Sep-04 71.6 55.7 63.5
Oct-04 71.5 56.0 63.6
Nov-04 71.7 56.2 63.8
Dec-04 71.5 56.2 63.7
Jan-05 71.8 56.5 64.0
Feb-05 71.8 56.7 64.1
Mar-05 71.9 56.9 64.3
Apr-05 72.3 56.9 64.5
May-05 72.0 56.8 64.3
Jun-05 72.1 57.0 64.4
Jul-05 72.0 57.1 64.5
Aug-05 72.4 57.1 64.6
Sep-05 72.2 57.1 64.5
Oct-05 72.0 57.1 64.5
Nov-05 72.0 57.0 64.4
Dec-05 72.1 57.1 64.5
Jan-06 71.9 57.2 64.4
Feb-06 72.2 57.1 64.5
Mar-06 72.2 57.1 64.5
Apr-06 72.1 57.3 64.6
May-06 71.9 57.4 64.6
Jun-06 72.2 57.6 64.8
Jul-06 72.4 57.7 64.9
Aug-06 72.4 57.8 64.9
Sep-06 72.5 57.9 65.1
Oct-06 72.1 57.5 64.7
Nov-06 72.2 57.7 64.8
Dec-06 72.5 58.0 65.1
Jan-07 72.3 57.8 64.9
Feb-07 72.3 58.0 65.0
Mar-07 72.4 57.8 65.0
Apr-07 72.4 57.8 65.0
May-07 72.4 57.9 65.0
Jun-07 72.6 57.9 65.1
Jul-07 72.5 58.0 65.1
Aug-07 72.6 58.1 65.3
Sep-07 72.5 58.3 65.3
Oct-07 72.3 58.3 65.2
Nov-07 72.8 58.5 65.5
Dec-07 72.8 58.4 65.5
Jan-08 72.7 58.5 65.5
Feb-08 72.6 58.4 65.4
Mar-08 72.6 58.4 65.4
Apr-08 72.7 58.8 65.7
May-08 72.5 58.5 65.4
Jun-08 72.8 58.5 65.6
Jul-08 72.5 58.8 65.6
Aug-08 72.6 58.7 65.5
Sep-08 72.7 58.5 65.5
Oct-08 72.5 58.5 65.4
Nov-08 72.4 58.6 65.4
Dec-08 72.5 58.5 65.4
Jan-09 72.4 58.8 65.5
Feb-09 72.4 59.2 65.7
Mar-09 72.4 59.1 65.7
Apr-09 72.4 58.9 65.6
May-09 72.4 58.9 65.5
Jun-09 72.2 58.7 65.4
Jul-09 72.3 58.7 65.4
Aug-09 72.2 58.5 65.3
Sep-09 72.2 58.5 65.3
Oct-09 72.1 58.5 65.2
Nov-09 72.1 58.6 65.3
Dec-09 72.3 58.6 65.4
Jan-10 72.4 58.6 65.4
Feb-10 72.3 58.3 65.2
Mar-10 72.2 58.4 65.2
Apr-10 72.3 58.4 65.3
May-10 72.0 58.3 65.0
Jun-10 72.2 58.5 65.2
Jul-10 72.2 58.7 65.4
Aug-10 72.2 58.7 65.4
Sep-10 72.5 58.7 65.5
Oct-10 72.6 58.9 65.7
Nov-10 72.7 59.1 65.8
Dec-10 72.6 58.8 65.6
Jan-11 72.8 58.9 65.8
Feb-11 72.5 58.7 65.5
Mar-11 72.4 59.0 65.6
Apr-11 72.2 58.7 65.4
May-11 72.0 58.7 65.3
Jun-11 71.9 58.9 65.3
Jul-11 72.0 59.0 65.4
Aug-11 72.1 58.9 65.4
Sep-11 72.1 59.1 65.5
Oct-11 72.1 58.9 65.4
Nov-11 72.0 58.9 65.4
Dec-11 71.8 58.6 65.1
Jan-12 72.2 58.7 65.3
Feb-12 71.8 58.6 65.1
Mar-12 71.8 59.1 65.3
Apr-12 71.7 58.6 65.1
May-12 71.8 59.1 65.3
Jun-12 71.6 58.8 65.1
Jul-12 71.5 58.8 65.1
Aug-12 71.6 58.6 65.0
Sep-12 71.8 59.0 65.3
Oct-12 71.8 58.8 65.2
Nov-12 71.5 58.6 64.9
Dec-12 71.7 58.6 65.0
Jan-13 71.9 58.8 65.3
Feb-13 71.7 59.0 65.2
Mar-13 71.5 58.8 65.1
Apr-13 71.5 59.0 65.2
May-13 71.5 58.7 65.0
Jun-13 71.6 58.7 65.1
Jul-13 71.3 58.7 64.9
Aug-13 71.3 58.7 64.9
Sep-13 71.2 58.7 64.8
Oct-13 71.2 58.7 64.8
Nov-13 71.0 58.4 64.6
Dec-13 70.9 58.2 64.5
Jan-14 70.9 58.5 64.6
Feb-14 70.8 58.6 64.6
Mar-14 70.9 58.8 64.7
Apr-14 71.0 58.5 64.7
May-14 70.7 58.6 64.6
Jun-14 70.9 58.7 64.7
Jul-14 71.0 58.7 64.8
Aug-14 70.9 58.6 64.6
Sep-14 70.7 58.8 64.6
Oct-14 70.8 58.7 64.7
Nov-14 71.1 58.2 64.5
Dec-14 70.9 58.6 64.6
Jan-15 71.1 58.6 64.8
Feb-15 71.2 58.8 64.9
Mar-15 71.3 58.6 64.9
Apr-15 71.1 58.7 64.8
May-15 71.0 58.9 64.9
Jun-15 70.8 59.0 64.8
Jul-15 71.0 59.3 65.1
Aug-15 70.9 59.1 64.9
Sep-15 70.9 59.2 65.0
Oct-15 71.1 59.4 65.2
Nov-15 70.9 59.7 65.2
Dec-15 71.0 59.5 65.1
Jan-16 71.3 59.4 65.2
Feb-16 70.7 59.4 65.0
Mar-16 70.8 59.3 64.9
Apr-16 70.6 59.4 64.9
May-16 70.6 59.3 64.9
Jun-16 70.4 59.6 64.9
Jul-16 70.6 59.5 64.9
Aug-16 70.4 59.1 64.7
Sep-16 70.1 59.1 64.5
Oct-16 70.3 59.0 64.5
Nov-16 70.3 59.3 64.7
Dec-16 70.6 59.3 64.8
Jan-17 70.2 59.4 64.7
Feb-17 70.4 59.2 64.7
Mar-17 70.5 59.5 64.9
Apr-17 70.7 59.4 64.9
May-17 70.6 59.6 65.0
Jun-17 70.5 59.8 65.1
Jul-17 70.7 59.8 65.2
Aug-17 70.8 60.0 65.3
Sep-17 70.7 60.1 65.3
Oct-17 70.6 60.1 65.3
Nov-17 70.9 60.3 65.5
Dec-17 71.2 60.6 65.8
Jan-18 71.2 60.5 65.8
Feb-18 71.0 60.6 65.7
Mar-18 70.8 60.5 65.6
Apr-18 70.9 60.5 65.6
May-18 70.7 60.4 65.4
Jun-18 70.9 60.6 65.7
Jul-18 70.9 60.3 65.5
Aug-18 71.0 60.4 65.6
Sep-18 70.7 60.3 65.4
Oct-18 70.8 60.4 65.5
Nov-18 71.0 60.5 65.7
Dec-18 71.0 60.5 65.7
Jan-19 71.0 60.7 65.7
Feb-19 70.7 60.6 65.6
Mar-19 71.0 60.6 65.7
Apr-19 71.0 60.9 65.9
May-19 71.5 60.8 66.0
Jun-19 71.2 60.9 66.0
Jul-19 71.2 61.0 66.0
Aug-19 71.3 61.2 66.1
Sep-19 71.1 61.2 66.1
Oct-19 70.9 61.2 65.9
Nov-19 70.9 61.1 65.9
Dec-19 71.0 61.1 65.9
Jan-20 70.8 61.5 66.0
Feb-20 70.8 61.2 65.9
Mar-20 70.8 61.1 65.9
Apr-20 68.9 58.4 63.5
May-20 67.9 57.5 62.6
Jun-20 69.1 59.1 64.0
Jul-20 69.6 59.9 64.6
Aug-20 69.9 60.2 65.0
Sep-20 69.7 60.1 64.8
Oct-20 70.8 60.9 65.7
Nov-20 71.0 61.3 66.1
Dec-20 71.1 61.3 66.1
Jan-21 71.2 61.1 66.1
Feb-21 71.0 61.4 66.1
Mar-21 70.9 61.8 66.3

Participation rates by sex, seasonally adjusted

  Mar-21 Change since Mar-20
(%) (% pts)
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, March 2021 (seasonally adjusted).
Please note that as the calculations of change presented in the table are taken from more detailed data, results obtained by manually calculating change may not exactly match those in the table, due to rounding error.
Male 70.9 0.2
Female 61.8 0.6
Persons 66.3 0.4

Women

  • The number of employed women, noting a person is considered employed if they are aged 15 years and over and work for an hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind during the ABS Labour Force Survey reference week.
Annual change (%) in female full-time and total employment, Australia
Date Full-time Total
Mar-01 3.5 2.8
Apr-01 1.7 3.0
May-01 2.2 2.7
Jun-01 0.0 2.1
Jul-01 -2.2 0.9
Aug-01 -1.6 0.8
Sep-01 -2.5 0.9
Oct-01 -1.2 1.5
Nov-01 -1.0 3.0
Dec-01 -1.2 1.8
Jan-02 -0.8 2.3
Feb-02 -1.6 2.2
Mar-02 -1.9 1.8
Apr-02 -1.9 0.6
May-02 -1.5 0.9
Jun-02 -1.8 1.1
Jul-02 0.5 1.4
Aug-02 1.8 2.1
Sep-02 1.1 2.7
Oct-02 1.0 2.5
Nov-02 1.5 2.6
Dec-02 3.0 3.7
Jan-03 3.1 4.1
Feb-03 3.8 4.1
Mar-03 1.4 3.0
Apr-03 3.3 3.9
May-03 3.1 4.1
Jun-03 2.7 3.5
Jul-03 2.6 2.9
Aug-03 0.8 2.2
Sep-03 2.1 2.1
Oct-03 2.2 2.0
Nov-03 1.9 1.3
Dec-03 0.9 0.6
Jan-04 1.2 -0.5
Feb-04 -0.1 -0.5
Mar-04 2.2 1.1
Apr-04 1.8 0.8
May-04 1.2 0.6
Jun-04 3.3 1.0
Jul-04 2.3 1.6
Aug-04 2.9 1.4
Sep-04 2.9 1.9
Oct-04 3.8 2.7
Nov-04 4.0 3.3
Dec-04 4.0 3.4
Jan-05 3.6 4.0
Feb-05 5.5 4.4
Mar-05 4.0 4.1
Apr-05 5.0 4.2
May-05 4.1 4.1
Jun-05 4.8 4.6
Jul-05 4.5 4.7
Aug-05 3.3 4.8
Sep-05 3.5 4.2
Oct-05 1.7 3.6
Nov-05 2.0 3.2
Dec-05 2.1 3.2
Jan-06 2.7 2.8
Feb-06 2.1 2.5
Mar-06 2.0 2.4
Apr-06 2.0 2.3
May-06 3.1 3.1
Jun-06 2.8 2.9
Jul-06 3.6 3.1
Aug-06 4.7 2.8
Sep-06 5.2 3.5
Oct-06 5.4 2.8
Nov-06 5.2 3.1
Dec-06 5.7 3.3
Jan-07 4.6 3.2
Feb-07 4.6 3.4
Mar-07 5.5 3.1
Apr-07 4.1 3.2
May-07 5.2 2.9
Jun-07 3.5 2.6
Jul-07 3.0 2.5
Aug-07 3.4 2.7
Sep-07 1.8 2.7
Oct-07 4.2 3.3
Nov-07 3.8 3.3
Dec-07 3.8 3.3
Jan-08 3.4 3.3
Feb-08 4.4 3.4
Mar-08 3.8 3.7
Apr-08 4.1 4.1
May-08 2.9 3.2
Jun-08 3.4 3.4
Jul-08 4.8 3.5
Aug-08 3.5 3.4
Sep-08 3.8 2.6
Oct-08 0.9 2.6
Nov-08 1.4 2.3
Dec-08 -0.3 2.3
Jan-09 3.0 2.7
Feb-09 0.7 2.6
Mar-09 1.0 1.9
Apr-09 1.5 1.5
May-09 1.2 2.1
Jun-09 0.6 1.5
Jul-09 -0.9 1.4
Aug-09 -2.0 0.5
Sep-09 -1.5 1.0
Oct-09 -0.2 1.1
Nov-09 -0.2 1.4
Dec-09 0.6 1.2
Jan-10 -1.8 1.0
Feb-10 -1.9 0.4
Mar-10 -1.2 1.1
Apr-10 -1.2 0.6
May-10 -0.6 0.8
Jun-10 0.6 1.5
Jul-10 0.0 1.5
Aug-10 3.1 2.1
Sep-10 2.9 2.3
Oct-10 2.0 2.2
Nov-10 2.9 2.3
Dec-10 2.7 2.2
Jan-11 2.8 2.1
Feb-11 3.8 2.3
Mar-11 4.3 2.6
Apr-11 2.8 2.7
May-11 1.5 2.3
Jun-11 2.9 2.4
Jul-11 3.3 2.2
Aug-11 1.5 2.1
Sep-11 2.2 2.3
Oct-11 2.4 2.1
Nov-11 0.6 1.4
Dec-11 1.5 0.9
Jan-12 1.3 1.4
Feb-12 1.7 1.4
Mar-12 0.9 1.8
Apr-12 1.8 1.5
May-12 3.2 2.3
Jun-12 0.6 1.3
Jul-12 1.2 1.6
Aug-12 1.3 1.5
Sep-12 2.4 1.8
Oct-12 1.9 1.2
Nov-12 1.9 1.5
Dec-12 1.0 1.8
Jan-13 2.0 2.0
Feb-13 1.6 2.3
Mar-13 0.5 1.1
Apr-13 1.2 1.9
May-13 0.4 0.9
Jun-13 0.9 1.5
Jul-13 0.8 1.2
Aug-13 1.5 1.2
Sep-13 -0.2 0.8
Oct-13 0.1 1.4
Nov-13 0.0 1.0
Dec-13 -0.6 0.9
Jan-14 -1.3 0.5
Feb-14 -0.3 0.5
Mar-14 0.9 1.0
Apr-14 -0.1 0.7
May-14 1.0 1.1
Jun-14 1.1 1.1
Jul-14 0.7 1.1
Aug-14 0.0 1.1
Sep-14 0.1 0.9
Oct-14 0.7 0.7
Nov-14 -0.8 0.6
Dec-14 1.3 1.7
Jan-15 1.4 1.5
Feb-15 1.3 1.7
Mar-15 0.7 1.4
Apr-15 2.0 1.6
May-15 1.6 2.2
Jun-15 2.0 2.1
Jul-15 2.3 2.2
Aug-15 2.1 2.7
Sep-15 2.9 2.6
Oct-15 2.6 3.5
Nov-15 5.6 4.5
Dec-15 4.7 3.6
Jan-16 3.5 3.3
Feb-16 3.8 3.1
Mar-16 3.5 3.3
Apr-16 3.3 3.3
May-16 2.3 2.5
Jun-16 2.4 2.7
Jul-16 1.7 2.7
Aug-16 1.8 2.1
Sep-16 0.4 2.0
Oct-16 0.7 1.4
Nov-16 0.3 1.2
Dec-16 0.0 1.4
Jan-17 -0.7 1.9
Feb-17 -0.7 1.2
Mar-17 1.2 1.8
Apr-17 -0.1 1.6
May-17 1.8 2.4
Jun-17 2.2 2.6
Jul-17 2.8 2.5
Aug-17 4.2 3.5
Sep-17 4.0 3.7
Oct-17 4.7 3.7
Nov-17 5.1 3.8
Dec-17 5.4 4.4
Jan-18 7.3 3.9
Feb-18 6.1 4.4
Mar-18 3.6 3.9
Apr-18 5.0 3.9
May-18 2.9 3.3
Jun-18 2.8 3.6
Jul-18 3.1 3.0
Aug-18 2.5 2.5
Sep-18 3.6 2.3
Oct-18 3.6 2.7
Nov-18 2.6 2.5
Dec-18 2.9 2.0
Jan-19 2.6 2.4
Feb-19 3.4 2.5
Mar-19 4.7 2.3
Apr-19 4.5 2.8
May-19 4.0 2.6
Jun-19 3.9 2.0
Jul-19 4.7 2.8
Aug-19 3.7 3.1
Sep-19 4.0 3.4
Oct-19 3.0 2.8
Nov-19 3.2 2.7
Dec-19 3.8 2.9
Jan-20 3.9 3.0
Feb-20 3.0 2.8
Mar-20 2.3 2.5
Apr-20 -1.4 -3.5
May-20 -1.6 -5.7
Jun-20 -2.4 -3.6
Jul-20 -2.7 -2.9
Aug-20 -2.0 -1.9
Sep-20 -2.7 -2.5
Oct-20 -2.7 -1.5
Nov-20 -1.5 -1.1
Dec-20 -1.3 -0.6
Jan-21 -0.6 -1.0
Feb-21 1.6 0.1
Mar-21 1.3 1.2

Selected labour market indicators for women, seasonally adjusted

  Mar-21 Change since March 2020
('000) (%)
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, March 2021 (seasonally adjusted).
Please note that as the calculations of change presented in the table are taken from more detailed data, results obtained by manually calculating change may not exactly match those in the table, due to rounding error.
Employed ('000) 6,229.6 74.9 1.2
Full-time 3,387.8 44.9 1.3
Part-time 2,841.9 30.1 1.1
Unemployed ('000) 350.3 17.5 5.3
Unemployment rate (%) 5.3 - 0.2 pts
Participation rate (%) 61.8 - 0.6 pts

Youth (persons aged 15-24 years)

  • The youth unemployment rate refers to the number of unemployed young people aged 15-24 years old expressed as a proportion of the labour force aged 15-24 years old (employed and unemployed).
Youth unemployment rate (%), Australia
Date Youth unemployment rate (%)
Mar-01 13.2
Apr-01 13.4
May-01 14.1
Jun-01 14.1
Jul-01 14.0
Aug-01 13.0
Sep-01 13.6
Oct-01 14.4
Nov-01 13.7
Dec-01 13.6
Jan-02 13.7
Feb-02 13.2
Mar-02 12.8
Apr-02 12.5
May-02 12.7
Jun-02 13.3
Jul-02 12.1
Aug-02 12.9
Sep-02 13.0
Oct-02 12.6
Nov-02 12.5
Dec-02 12.2
Jan-03 12.2
Feb-03 12.0
Mar-03 12.5
Apr-03 12.4
May-03 12.2
Jun-03 12.1
Jul-03 12.2
Aug-03 11.5
Sep-03 11.8
Oct-03 11.6
Nov-03 11.4
Dec-03 11.7
Jan-04 11.8
Feb-04 11.4
Mar-04 11.6
Apr-04 11.2
May-04 11.0
Jun-04 11.5
Jul-04 11.4
Aug-04 11.8
Sep-04 11.5
Oct-04 11.3
Nov-04 11.0
Dec-04 11.1
Jan-05 11.0
Feb-05 10.5
Mar-05 10.8
Apr-05 10.9
May-05 10.5
Jun-05 10.4
Jul-05 10.7
Aug-05 9.9
Sep-05 10.8
Oct-05 10.9
Nov-05 10.1
Dec-05 10.7
Jan-06 10.6
Feb-06 10.7
Mar-06 10.2
Apr-06 10.6
May-06 10.1
Jun-06 9.8
Jul-06 9.6
Aug-06 9.6
Sep-06 10.2
Oct-06 9.1
Nov-06 9.8
Dec-06 9.7
Jan-07 9.6
Feb-07 9.6
Mar-07 9.2
Apr-07 9.0
May-07 9.0
Jun-07 9.0
Jul-07 9.0
Aug-07 9.6
Sep-07 9.2
Oct-07 9.7
Nov-07 10.0
Dec-07 9.5
Jan-08 9.1
Feb-08 8.1
Mar-08 8.5
Apr-08 8.8
May-08 9.2
Jun-08 9.0
Jul-08 8.9
Aug-08 7.6
Sep-08 8.7
Oct-08 8.7
Nov-08 9.4
Dec-08 9.7
Jan-09 10.2
Feb-09 10.8
Mar-09 11.9
Apr-09 11.5
May-09 12.3
Jun-09 12.2
Jul-09 11.6
Aug-09 11.7
Sep-09 11.7
Oct-09 11.2
Nov-09 11.6
Dec-09 11.2
Jan-10 11.3
Feb-10 11.3
Mar-10 11.8
Apr-10 11.9
May-10 11.4
Jun-10 11.7
Jul-10 11.6
Aug-10 11.6
Sep-10 11.3
Oct-10 12.0
Nov-10 11.6
Dec-10 11.1
Jan-11 11.7
Feb-11 11.8
Mar-11 11.3
Apr-11 11.3
May-11 11.2
Jun-11 11.2
Jul-11 11.1
Aug-11 11.2
Sep-11 11.3
Oct-11 11.0
Nov-11 11.5
Dec-11 11.8
Jan-12 11.4
Feb-12 11.8
Mar-12 11.8
Apr-12 10.9
May-12 12.1
Jun-12 11.6
Jul-12 11.9
Aug-12 11.5
Sep-12 11.9
Oct-12 12.1
Nov-12 11.6
Dec-12 12.1
Jan-13 12.0
Feb-13 12.2
Mar-13 12.2
Apr-13 11.7
May-13 11.7
Jun-13 11.8
Jul-13 11.9
Aug-13 12.8
Sep-13 12.7
Oct-13 13.1
Nov-13 12.2
Dec-13 12.5
Jan-14 12.3
Feb-14 12.8
Mar-14 12.6
Apr-14 12.9
May-14 13.5
Jun-14 13.4
Jul-14 13.6
Aug-14 13.4
Sep-14 13.6
Oct-14 14.4
Nov-14 14.2
Dec-14 13.1
Jan-15 14.1
Feb-15 13.4
Mar-15 13.5
Apr-15 13.3
May-15 13.4
Jun-15 13.1
Jul-15 13.6
Aug-15 13.0
Sep-15 12.8
Oct-15 12.6
Nov-15 12.2
Dec-15 12.1
Jan-16 12.6
Feb-16 11.7
Mar-16 11.8
Apr-16 12.1
May-16 12.5
Jun-16 13.0
Jul-16 13.2
Aug-16 12.8
Sep-16 12.7
Oct-16 12.7
Nov-16 13.6
Dec-16 13.2
Jan-17 12.2
Feb-17 12.9
Mar-17 13.1
Apr-17 12.6
May-17 12.7
Jun-17 13.1
Jul-17 12.7
Aug-17 12.6
Sep-17 12.5
Oct-17 12.1
Nov-17 12.3
Dec-17 12.4
Jan-18 12.2
Feb-18 13.2
Mar-18 12.3
Apr-18 12.4
May-18 11.6
Jun-18 11.2
Jul-18 11.0
Aug-18 11.7
Sep-18 11.5
Oct-18 11.3
Nov-18 11.5
Dec-18 11.3
Jan-19 11.4
Feb-19 11.2
Mar-19 11.8
Apr-19 11.9
May-19 12.0
Jun-19 12.1
Jul-19 11.9
Aug-19 11.7
Sep-19 11.7
Oct-19 12.5
Nov-19 11.5
Dec-19 11.6
Jan-20 12.2
Feb-20 12.3
Mar-20 11.6
Apr-20 14.1
May-20 16.0
Jun-20 16.4
Jul-20 16.4
Aug-20 14.3
Sep-20 14.6
Oct-20 15.5
Nov-20 15.6
Dec-20 13.9
Jan-21 14.0
Feb-21 12.9
Mar-21 11.8

Selected labour market indicators for youth (15-24 years), seasonally adjusted

  Mar-21 Change since Mar-20
('000) (%)
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, March 2021 (seasonally adjusted).
Please note that as the calculations of change presented in the table are taken from more detailed data, results obtained by manually calculating change may not exactly match those in the table, due to rounding error.
Employed ('000) 1,900.5 -38.7 -2.0
Full-time 792.5 -54.4 -6.4
Part-time 1,108.7 14.7 1.3
Unemployed ('000) 254.9 0.1 0.0
Unemployment rate (%) 11.8 - 0.2 pts
Participation rate (%) 69.2 - 0.9 pts

Underemployment

  • A person is considered underemployed if they are an employed person who wants, and is available for (in the reference week or in the four weeks subsequent to the survey), more hours of work than they currently have.
  • The underemployment rate refers to the number of underemployed persons expressed as a proportion of the labour force (those who are working or looking for work).
Underemployment rate (%), Australia
Date Males Females Persons Youth (15-24 years)
Mar-01 5.2 8.4 6.6 11.7
Apr-01 5.0 8.0 6.3 11.5
May-01 5.0 7.7 6.2 11.7
Jun-01 5.2 7.9 6.4 11.8
Jul-01 5.2 8.2 6.5 12.0
Aug-01 5.3 8.1 6.6 12.2
Sep-01 5.2 8.5 6.6 12.0
Oct-01 5.2 8.3 6.6 11.8
Nov-01 5.2 8.2 6.5 11.8
Dec-01 5.1 8.3 6.5 12.0
Jan-02 5.1 8.4 6.6 12.1
Feb-02 5.1 8.4 6.6 12.3
Mar-02 5.1 8.3 6.5 12.2
Apr-02 5.0 8.3 6.4 11.8
May-02 4.8 8.2 6.3 11.6
Jun-02 4.6 8.1 6.2 11.5
Jul-02 4.9 8.1 6.3 11.8
Aug-02 4.8 8.1 6.3 11.8
Sep-02 4.7 8.0 6.2 10.8
Oct-02 4.8 7.8 6.1 10.1
Nov-02 4.5 7.6 5.9 9.5
Dec-02 4.7 7.9 6.1 10.5
Jan-03 4.9 8.5 6.5 11.5
Feb-03 5.1 8.9 6.8 12.8
Mar-03 5.2 9.1 7.0 13.1
Apr-03 5.3 9.4 7.1 13.4
May-03 5.2 9.4 7.1 13.1
Jun-03 5.2 9.4 7.1 13.5
Jul-03 5.1 9.3 7.0 13.2
Aug-03 5.0 9.3 6.9 13.2
Sep-03 5.1 9.5 7.1 13.7
Oct-03 5.2 9.6 7.2 13.8
Nov-03 5.4 9.6 7.3 13.9
Dec-03 5.1 9.6 7.1 13.6
Jan-04 4.9 9.5 6.9 13.3
Feb-04 4.9 9.4 6.9 12.9
Mar-04 5.0 9.5 7.0 13.0
Apr-04 4.5 9.5 6.8 12.6
May-04 5.0 9.6 7.0 12.9
Jun-04 5.0 9.6 7.1 13.0
Jul-04 5.0 9.4 7.0 12.9
Aug-04 5.0 9.3 7.0 13.3
Sep-04 5.2 9.2 7.0 13.2
Oct-04 5.1 9.1 6.9 13.0
Nov-04 5.1 9.0 6.8 12.8
Dec-04 5.1 9.0 6.9 13.0
Jan-05 5.1 8.9 6.8 13.0
Feb-05 5.1 8.9 6.8 13.0
Mar-05 5.1 8.8 6.8 13.1
Apr-05 5.2 8.9 6.8 13.0
May-05 5.1 8.8 6.8 12.9
Jun-05 5.1 8.9 6.8 12.9
Jul-05 4.8 8.8 6.6 12.3
Aug-05 4.7 8.9 6.6 12.4
Sep-05 4.9 8.9 6.7 12.4
Oct-05 4.8 9.0 6.7 12.3
Nov-05 5.1 8.9 6.8 12.3
Dec-05 4.9 8.9 6.7 12.3
Jan-06 4.8 9.0 6.7 12.3
Feb-06 4.8 8.9 6.6 12.1
Mar-06 4.6 8.9 6.5 11.8
Apr-06 4.7 8.7 6.5 11.9
May-06 4.7 8.7 6.5 11.8
Jun-06 4.9 8.6 6.6 12.0
Jul-06 5.0 8.6 6.6 12.4
Aug-06 5.0 8.5 6.6 12.9
Sep-06 5.1 8.4 6.6 12.5
Oct-06 4.8 8.3 6.4 12.1
Nov-06 4.7 8.1 6.2 11.9
Dec-06 4.7 8.2 6.3 11.9
Jan-07 4.8 8.2 6.3 12.0
Feb-07 5.0 8.2 6.4 12.2
Mar-07 4.7 8.2 6.3 12.1
Apr-07 4.5 8.3 6.2 12.0
May-07 4.6 8.3 6.3 11.9
Jun-07 4.5 8.3 6.2 11.8
Jul-07 4.5 8.4 6.3 11.6
Aug-07 4.6 8.2 6.2 11.3
Sep-07 4.5 8.2 6.2 11.4
Oct-07 4.5 8.1 6.2 11.5
Nov-07 4.5 8.0 6.0 11.6
Dec-07 4.5 7.9 6.0 11.5
Jan-08 4.6 7.7 6.0 11.1
Feb-08 4.5 7.6 5.9 11.0
Mar-08 4.4 7.7 5.9 10.8
Apr-08 4.5 7.9 6.0 10.7
May-08 4.4 7.9 5.9 10.5
Jun-08 4.2 7.8 5.8 10.6
Jul-08 4.2 7.8 5.8 10.9
Aug-08 4.0 7.8 5.7 11.2
Sep-08 4.3 7.9 5.9 11.4
Oct-08 4.7 8.1 6.2 11.7
Nov-08 4.6 8.3 6.3 12.1
Dec-08 5.0 8.6 6.7 12.5
Jan-09 5.1 9.1 6.9 12.9
Feb-09 5.5 9.4 7.3 13.5
Mar-09 5.8 9.2 7.3 13.3
Apr-09 5.9 9.2 7.4 13.6
May-09 6.5 9.0 7.6 14.2
Jun-09 6.1 9.1 7.5 13.9
Jul-09 6.0 9.4 7.6 14.0
Aug-09 5.8 9.6 7.6 14.1
Sep-09 5.9 9.6 7.6 14.1
Oct-09 5.9 9.6 7.6 14.4
Nov-09 5.9 9.6 7.6 14.5
Dec-09 5.8 9.6 7.5 14.4
Jan-10 5.9 9.6 7.5 14.4
Feb-10 5.8 9.5 7.5 14.7
Mar-10 5.6 9.3 7.3 13.9
Apr-10 5.4 9.1 7.1 13.4
May-10 5.3 9.0 7.0 13.0
Jun-10 5.4 9.0 7.0 12.9
Jul-10 5.5 8.9 7.1 12.7
Aug-10 5.7 9.0 7.2 12.8
Sep-10 5.6 8.9 7.1 13.3
Oct-10 5.5 8.9 7.0 13.5
Nov-10 5.5 8.6 6.9 13.7
Dec-10 5.3 8.9 7.0 13.4
Jan-11 5.1 8.9 6.8 13.0
Feb-11 5.1 9.0 6.9 13.0
Mar-11 5.2 9.0 6.9 12.9
Apr-11 5.4 8.9 7.0 12.7
May-11 5.5 8.9 7.1 12.6
Jun-11 5.4 8.8 7.0 12.8
Jul-11 5.1 8.8 6.8 13.0
Aug-11 5.0 8.8 6.7 13.2
Sep-11 5.0 8.9 6.8 13.0
Oct-11 5.2 9.0 6.9 13.0
Nov-11 5.3 9.1 7.1 13.3
Dec-11 5.4 9.2 7.1 13.5
Jan-12 5.5 9.1 7.2 13.7
Feb-12 5.7 9.1 7.3 14.0
Mar-12 5.6 9.1 7.2 14.0
Apr-12 5.5 9.4 7.3 14.2
May-12 5.5 9.6 7.4 14.2
Jun-12 5.4 9.3 7.2 13.7
Jul-12 5.2 9.2 7.1 13.1
Aug-12 5.1 9.0 6.9 13.1
Sep-12 5.1 8.9 6.8 12.7
Oct-12 5.2 9.1 7.0 13.1
Nov-12 5.3 9.1 7.0 13.1
Dec-12 5.3 9.0 7.0 13.0
Jan-13 5.3 8.9 7.0 13.5
Feb-13 5.4 9.0 7.1 13.2
Mar-13 5.5 9.3 7.2 13.9
Apr-13 5.5 9.2 7.2 14.3
May-13 5.8 9.5 7.5 15.1
Jun-13 5.9 9.5 7.5 14.8
Jul-13 5.6 9.5 7.4 14.0
Aug-13 5.8 9.7 7.6 14.3
Sep-13 5.7 9.5 7.4 14.1
Oct-13 5.8 9.5 7.5 14.6
Nov-13 5.7 9.6 7.5 15.0
Dec-13 5.8 9.5 7.5 15.2
Jan-14 5.7 9.3 7.3 15.0
Feb-14 5.7 9.6 7.5 15.1
Mar-14 5.7 9.7 7.5 15.2
Apr-14 5.7 9.9 7.7 15.3
May-14 5.9 9.9 7.8 15.7
Jun-14 6.0 10.2 7.9 16.5
Jul-14 6.3 10.6 8.3 17.5
Aug-14 6.4 10.7 8.4 17.0
Sep-14 6.9 11.1 8.8 17.7
Oct-14 6.3 10.4 8.2 16.4
Nov-14 6.7 10.9 8.6 17.2
Dec-14 6.5 10.7 8.4 17.3
Jan-15 6.5 10.9 8.5 17.4
Feb-15 6.4 11.0 8.5 17.1
Mar-15 5.9 10.8 8.2 17.2
Apr-15 6.4 10.6 8.3 16.8
May-15 6.4 10.7 8.4 17.3
Jun-15 6.5 10.6 8.4 17.2
Jul-15 6.8 10.7 8.6 17.5
Aug-15 6.4 10.8 8.4 17.4
Sep-15 6.8 11.2 8.8 17.6
Oct-15 6.7 11.0 8.7 17.7
Nov-15 6.7 10.8 8.6 17.5
Dec-15 6.3 10.9 8.5 17.1
Jan-16 6.6 10.7 8.5 17.3
Feb-16 6.5 10.5 8.4 17.6
Mar-16 6.6 10.5 8.4 17.3
Apr-16 7.1 10.4 8.6 16.8
May-16 6.7 10.2 8.3 16.5
Jun-16 7.0 10.8 8.8 17.5
Jul-16 7.0 11.3 9.0 18.1
Aug-16 7.1 10.7 8.8 17.9
Sep-16 6.9 10.8 8.7 17.8
Oct-16 6.8 10.5 8.5 16.7
Nov-16 6.7 10.6 8.5 17.2
Dec-16 6.8 10.7 8.6 17.6
Jan-17 6.9 11.0 8.8 17.8
Feb-17 6.9 11.5 9.0 19.1
Mar-17 6.8 10.7 8.6 17.3
Apr-17 6.7 11.1 8.8 18.5
May-17 6.8 10.8 8.7 18.3
Jun-17 6.6 10.5 8.4 17.2
Jul-17 6.8 10.5 8.5 17.7
Aug-17 6.8 10.6 8.6 18.4
Sep-17 6.7 10.6 8.5 18.2
Oct-17 6.6 10.6 8.5 17.8
Nov-17 6.7 10.6 8.5 17.8
Dec-17 6.5 10.8 8.5 17.5
Jan-18 7.0 10.6 8.7 18.5
Feb-18 6.6 10.7 8.5 17.3
Mar-18 6.6 10.9 8.6 17.6
Apr-18 6.4 10.8 8.5 17.9
May-18 6.4 10.7 8.4 18.3
Jun-18 6.6 10.9 8.6 18.3
Jul-18 6.3 10.9 8.5 18.6
Aug-18 6.0 10.6 8.2 18.1
Sep-18 6.3 10.6 8.3 17.6
Oct-18 6.2 10.6 8.3 18.1
Nov-18 6.6 10.7 8.5 17.3
Dec-18 6.5 10.4 8.3 17.3
Jan-19 6.2 10.3 8.1 17.3
Feb-19 6.2 10.2 8.1 16.7
Mar-19 6.5 10.3 8.3 17.4
Apr-19 6.9 10.3 8.5 18.1
May-19 6.8 10.5 8.5 18.1
Jun-19 6.6 10.0 8.2 17.6
Jul-19 6.7 10.4 8.4 18.2
Aug-19 6.9 10.3 8.5 18.7
Sep-19 6.8 10.1 8.3 18.0
Oct-19 6.7 10.5 8.5 17.8
Nov-19 6.7 10.2 8.3 16.8
Dec-19 6.6 10.0 8.2 17.0
Jan-20 6.7 10.7 8.6 18.0
Feb-20 6.6 10.9 8.6 18.4
Mar-20 7.2 10.6 8.8 19.1
Apr-20 12.6 15.0 13.8 23.6
May-20 12.2 14.1 13.1 21.9
Jun-20 10.9 12.6 11.7 19.7
Jul-20 10.3 12.2 11.2 19.6
Aug-20 10.4 12.1 11.2 19.5
Sep-20 10.7 12.2 11.4 19.2
Oct-20 9.1 11.7 10.4 17.9
Nov-20 8.0 10.9 9.4 16.4
Dec-20 7.1 10.1 8.5 15.8
Jan-21 6.9 9.5 8.1 15.8
Feb-21 7.3 9.9 8.5 16.8
Mar-21 6.6 9.3 7.9 16.2

Annual change in underemployment, seasonally adjusted

  Underemployed ('000) Underemployment rate (%)
Mar-21 Change since Mar-20 Feb-21 Change since Mar-20 (% pts)
('000) (%)
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, March 2021 (seasonally adjusted).
Please note that as the calculations of change presented in the table are taken from more detailed data, results obtained by manually calculating change may not exactly match those in the table, due to rounding error.
Males 480.1 -38.7 -7.5 6.6 -0.6
Females 614.3 -74.3 -10.8 9.3 -1.3
Persons 1,094.4 -112.9 -9.4 7.9 -0.9
Youth 350.3 -69.7 -16.6 16.2 -2.9